Урок о субкультурах
Stand up, please. Stand still. Good afternoon! I’m glad to see you. Sit down. Today I’ll be your teacher. My name is Natalia Vladimirovna. First of all tell me please What is the day today? What is the date today? Ok. Today we’ll continue to speak about teenagers and subcultures.Let’s begin with the phonetic drill.
Upbringing – воспитание
Determine – определять
Financial burden – финансовоеположение
Secure – надежность
Require – требовать
Behavior – поведение
Quality – качество
Common – общий
Due to – благодаря
Traits – черты
And now I’ll give you a text about youth subcultures in modern world. Read and translate it.
1 It is only in the 20th century youth became a separate age in human development. In past ages as you stopped being a child you became an adult with adult’s needs and responsibilities. In our time, though, growing up is a longer process. Modern professions require for a workers to have an extensive training. It is also not so easy to start a family now. In the past many generations of one family often lived in the same house, and so the young parents could rely on their own parents’ support. Today, though, young people are eager to live by themselves and don’t always have a grandparent’s help. Also, in a way a child represents financial burden, so people often leave getting married and having children for later, when they hope to be financially secure.
All this leads to youth becoming a separate phrase in life, when someone is physically adult but isn’t yet ready to take an adult’s place in the society. This is a difficult phase both because much of a person’s adult life will be determined by what he or she does during youth and also because of youth’s unclear status. In some things a youth may be treated as almost child when he doesn’t feel himselfa child, and in other society may require an adult’s behavior from a youth who feel ready for it.
2 People living in one country are united by one culture. They have common language, common ways of upbringing, and common system of cultural references. Parents ring up their children in keeping with the tradition in which they themselves were brought up.
However, a country’s population is divided unto many smaller groups by location, religion, social group, age, or some other qualities. Inside there groups common cultures of their own also exist. They are based on the country’s culture but have some specific traits due to the groups’ common qualities.
Youth forms one of such groups. It has common enough economic and social situation and common goal of finding its place in the society for it to form a subculture. Besides that, modern music, fashion literature change so fast that new generations can have cultural icons all of their own and thus feel independent from their parents. In our time even technologies are changing very fast; young people are far more adept than their parents in using Internet and communicating in chats. They are also already used to having cell phones and talking to each other in text messages; there are already jokes about text messaging.
However, all of a country’s youth is quite a big group, and inside this group there are inevitably smaller subculture united by common interests, ideologies and tastes. Each subculture usually has a visible core of people who can, for example, be identified by their clothing as belonging to such subculture, but there are also young people who almost do not look out if the ordinary but share traits with this subculture.
Now look at the screen please. Make the sentences.
1.it is only, in human development, in the 20th century , became a separate age, youth
It is only in the 20th century youth became a separate age in human development
2. growing up, in our time, is a longer process, though
In our time, though, growing up is a longer process.
3. it is, also, a family now, to start, not so easy
It is also not so easy to start a family now.
4. living in one country , people, one culture, are, united by
People living in one country are united by one culture.
5. they,common language, and common system of cultural references, common ways of upbringing, have
They have common language, common ways of upbringing, and common system of cultural references.
Современные профессии требуют от работника длительного обучения
Modern professions require for a workers to have an extensive training.
В прошлом часто многие поколения одной семьи жили в одном доме,и молодые родители могли расчитывать на поддержку родителей
In the past many generations of one family often lived in the same house, and so the young parents could rely on their own parents’ support.
Однако население страны делиться на многие болеемелкие группы по проживанию, ралигии,социальным группам или каким то другим группам
However, a country’s population is divided unto many smaller groups by location, religion, social group, age, or some other qualities.
Молодежь является одной из таких групп. У нее достаточно общее экономическое и социальное положение и общая цель нйти свое место в обществе,чтобы она образовала субкультуру.
Youth forms one of such groups. It has common enough economic and social situation and common goal of finding its place in the society for it to form a subculture.
В наше время даже технология меняется очень быстро;молодые люди куда лучше,чем их родители,умеют пользоваться Интернетом и общаться в чатах.
In our time even technologies are changing very fast; young people are far more adept than their parents in using Internet and communicating in chats.
Однако вся молодежь страны – довольна большая группа, и внутри этой группы неизбежно существуют более мелкие субкультуры,объединенные общими интересами,идеологиями и вкусами
However, all of a country’s youth is quite a big group, and inside this group there are inevitably smaller subculture united by common interests, ideologies and tastes.
Well done. And what do you think about modern teenagers, about their interests? What do your parents think about them? Have you got any problems?
Now look at the screen please. Let’s speak about modern subcultures.
There are many subcultures that have interests different from those mainstream of the culture.
Most young people create a certain lifestyle within their subcultures. Why do they do it?
to express themselves
to express their own identity
to develop their own style distinct from others
just to show off
to identify with a particular subculture
to know who they are
to support a certain attitude and lifestyle
to change the world to the best
to protest against the parents
to try out all sort of options
to rebel against the society
to reject everything
to be in a collective
to differ from social norms
to be designed to shock
to have their own values and beliefs
not to conform to society standards
Hippies first appeared in USA during 1970s, because young people became disillusioned with the consumer society. They tried to become closer to nature, to discard possessions and live in communes, calling themselves «flower children »and advocating free love. From then this subculture has spread all over the world, and even if it’s not so popular now it left many traces in fashion and ideology, like long loose hair for both men and women and the so – called peace – signs, the belief in peace and interest in being closer to nature.
Another subculture of far more violent nature is represented by the so – called skinheads groups. These look like antipodes of hippies, from shaving their heads to acting with violence. Skinheads and other similar groups believes in nationalist ideology, but being young and radical they express it in actions, by threatening people of race and colour different from theirs.
The punk subculture is a subculture based around punk rock. It includes music, ideologies, fashion, visual art, dance, literature and film. The first and the most famous punk-rock group was the Ramones. You can listen to their song. They also were very aggressive and use alcohol and drugs. As you can see punks wear a lot of piercing, cosmetics, tattoos, jewelry and body modification, also they have different hairstyling.
For some it has become a lifestyle, for others it's just wearing certain clothes, and listening to certain music.
Many people get into it because of the clothes and the music, and then they find the clubs and the people, and get into it more and more. After a while, for some, it becomes a whole lifestyle.
It's black clothes, black eyeliner, pale faces, fishnet, velvet, piercings.
It's a darker kind of music, it's vampire and fantasy literature, medieval architecture and history.
The next subculture is Emo-kids. Their main rule is to express their feelings instead of the other people’s opinion. They are very romantic and depressed persons. They prefer a lot of make-up, unusual hairstyling and clothes of bright colours, especially black and pink.